The general context
[Translation from French - http://www.les-crises.fr/le-gouvernement-fasciste-de-kiev-que-nous-soutenons/]
21 May 2014 In 2010,
Viktor Yanukovytch was elected President of Ukraine for 5 years with 52 percent of votes. The OSCE recognised the perfect validilty of the elections.
The disparity of the results – as in most of the elections – was striking:
There was a strong gradient from East to West, where the percentage of votes for the elected President went from 95 percent to 5 percent respectively. This emphasizes the big disparity within the country – and therefore its fragility since it has been independent only for 25 years. In fact, it consists of very disparate regions in terms of population, language and history.
The East, Russian-speaking part, faces towards Russia; while the West looks to the European Union.
Economical and commercial negotiations
Although Viktor Yanukovytch was mainly elected by the East of Ukraine, the industrial heartland of the country, working with Russia, he decided in 2011 – under the pressure of oligarchs – to successfully conclude the discussions with the EU and to sign an association agreement as well as a free-trade agreement with them, whereas Ukraine already had such agreement with Russia. Let us stress the foolishness of this project:
1) the Ukrainian economy is fully not competitive with the EU economy. The country is still very far from the level of the same GDP per capita at the time of the USSR!
2) Ukraine being the poorest country in Europe – with a minimum salary of 100 Euros, 30 percent lower than in China! – a free-trade agreement will destroy European employment:
President Yanukovytch was actually hoping to win on both sides – which not at all realistic. Obviously, it did not succeed: on the February 14th, 2013, José Manuel Barroso stated that: “One country cannot at the same time be a member of a customs union and be in an advanced common free-trade area with the EU. This is not possible”. The EU made the mistake to ask Ukraine to choose its “camp”.
Putin then replied: "a Ukraine-EU free trade agreement would represent a big threat to us. [This] would result in an increase of unemployment in Russia. […] Should we strangle entire sectors of our economy so that Europe can appreciate us? »
- "Brussels also imposes itself on the world political stage, although most of the Commissioners are not capable. The most recent example is the attempt by the EU Commission to annex the Ukraine. As well as attracting Georgia to it. Need we point out that the Georgia is not in Europe? It's megalomanic, we have nothing to do there! [..] The risk is that the situation is worsening, as in August 1914, it is increasing day by day. [Helmut Schmidt, Bild, 16/05/2014 - to read here in German]
- Gerhardt Schröder: the fundamental error was the association of EU policy. The EU has ignored that Ukraine is a country deeply divided culturally. South and East of the Ukraine people have always been looking towards Russia, and the West towards the EU. One could speak of an association agreement, but at the same time talking with Russia! "The 'all or nothing' - either the association with the European Union or the customs union with the Russia - was the initial error." [Gerhardt Schröder, WAS, 11/05/2014 - to read here in German] and in French]